The latest report from the Cranfield International Centre for Women Leaders shows that in the first six months since the last report (March 2012), the pace of change was extremely encouraging with 44% of new FTSE 100 board appointments going to women and 36% on FTSE 250 companies. However, those high levels were short-lived and over the past six months they have dropped to 26% and 29% respectively, showing a considerable gap from the 33% required to reach Lord Davies’ recommendation of 25% women on boards by 2015.
There are now 194 female-held directorships in 93 of the FTSE 100 boardrooms (held by 169 women) which equates to 17.3%, a slight increase on last year’s figure of 15%. The number of FTSE 100 companies with all-male boards has now dropped to seven and two thirds of the FTSE 100 have more than one woman on their board.
Dr Ruth Sealy from Cranfield School of Management co-authored the report. Commenting on the findings, she said: “Lord Davies’ target for FTSE 100 companies is still in sight but only if the rate of new appointments going to women regains momentum promptly. Only a quarter (25%) of FTSE 100 companies have already achieved the target and the drop in the last six months is worrying.”
Top of this year’s ranking is Burberry with three women directors out of eight. It is the only FTSE 100 company that has two female executive directors, with both the Chief Executive and Chief Financial Officer roles held by women. In second place is Diageo with four women directors out of 11. In joint third place are Capita, GlaxoSmithKline and Standard Life, each with 33.3% of their boards being female.
The report authors predict that if the FTSE 100 companies regain the momentum they achieved in the first half of last year, with one third of all new appointments going to women, then the target of 25% female FTSE 100 board directors should be met in 2015.
The report does reveal positive signs from the FTSE 250 companies with 13.3% women on boards (up from 9.4%). Seventy-three per cent (183 companies) now have women in their boardrooms, a substantial increase from last year’s figure of 54%.
Once again, Cranfield School of Management has appealed to Chairmen, Chief Executives, Executive Search Firms, the Government, investors and women to stay focused in order to drive the changes that are needed to prevent enforced quotas.
Professor Susan Vinnicombe OBE, co-author of the report said: “At Cranfield we have stood steadfast against quotas on the basis that Chairmen must understand the benefits of gender diversity and commit to achieving it. Undoubtedly a number of Chairmen do get it and see a gender balanced board as the ‘new normal’. Unfortunately too many Chairmen choose to ignore the issue in the false hope that it will go away. Viviane Reding’s demanding legislation is on its way and it goes far beyond Lord Davies’ recommendations. It is becoming a matter of urgency for those companies that do not have a gender balanced board to let go of their board stereotypes and appoint more creatively.”
The 2013 Cranfield Female FTSE board report includes analysis of the 48 women who took up new directorships on FTSE 100 boards. Of the 48, 31 women had no prior FTSE 350 board experience, however with the exception of the two Executive Director appointments, almost all the women had held board seats in other major companies, often on foreign listings such as S&P, ASX, or on other UK listings.
Dr Sealy went on to say: “This evidence counters any suggestions that chairmen are placing inexperienced women on their boards. However, it is disappointing to see that women from outside the ‘corporate mainstream’, including entrepreneurs, academics and civil servants are still not being considered for FTSE board positions.”